Industry, Mine and Trade at a Glance
At present, the Ministry of Industry, Mine and Trade is in charge of industries, mines and trade sector in Iran, which is divided into three main sections in terms of organizational structure: the staff, affiliated organizations, and provincial organizations that are stationed in 31 provinces of the country.
Steering of all three industry, mine, and trade sectors across the country is among the main responsibilities assigned to the staff, affiliated organizations and provincial organizations.
The staff section is mostly responsible for policymaking, logistics, operational planning, supervision, monitoring of situation, and addressing large-scale issues of all three sectors of mine, industry and trade.
Affiliated organizations are also responsible for the development and implementation of sovereign policies and plans within their purview, and these measures are taken in cooperation with the private sector or independently by these organizations, which include: Industrial Development and Renovation Organization of Iran (IDRO), in the field of industries; Iranian Mines and Mining Industries Development and Renovation Organization (IMIDRO), in the field of mines; Trade Promotion Organization of Iran, in the field of exports and imports of the country, are responsible for the implementation of policies set by the Ministry of Industry, Mine and Trade. Provincial organizations also establish close relations with industrial, mining and trade units and implement determined plans and policies at provincial level.
As for the share of the country’s production and commerce from the Iranian economy, it is noteworthy that the country’s industry, mine and trade sector makes up about 40 percent of the gross domestic product (GDP), and 32 percent of the country’s employment.
In the light of the diversity of its mission, the Ministry of Industry, Mine and Trade issues permits for businesses operating in the fields of industry, mine and trade. Some of them are as follows:
· Industrial establishment permit (to start industrial activities)
· Industrial operation license (operation of industrial activities)
· Prospecting certificate and license (to start mine prospecting)
· Mining operation license (operation of mining activity)
· Business license (to start a business)
· Business card (to start commercial activities)
· Order registration (to start import activity)
Among the most important responsibilities of the Ministry of Industry, Mine and Trade, the following instances can be enumerated:
1. Developing and notifying the country’s industrial, mining and trade developmental strategies and setting goals, policies, plans, standards, systems, bylaws and general regulations related to industry, mine and trade sectors in coordination with the country’s macropolicies by encouraging participation of relevant nongovernmental organs and organizations, and supervision over their implementation and realization.
2. Setting policies for the development of non-oil exports and export of industrial products, mineral products, technical-engineering and trade services, and supervising implementation of regulations related to export supporting policies.
3. Managing facilitation of domestic and foreign production and trade processes.
4. Planning, steering, and supporting development of the infrastructure for industrial, mining, and trade units, and joint industrial parks with target countries on the basis of the country’s industrial, mining and trade development strategies commensurate with regional balance, spatial planning, and environmental considerations.
5. Regulation and development of trade, industrial and mining relations, and drawing up memorandums of understanding and related agreements, in addition to conclusion and implementation of contracts with other countries, institutions, specialized organizations, and relevant regional and international forums in coordination with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs within the framework of the Islamic Republic of Iran’s foreign policy and relevant laws.
6. Managing accession of the Islamic Republic of Iran to the World Trade Organization.
7. Acceptance of the government of the Islamic Republic of Iran’s membership in regional and international institutions, specialized organizations, and forums related to industry, mine and trade affairs within the framework of the existing laws.
8. Managing trade, industrial and mining events, including sending and receiving delegations and commissions, holding of and participation in domestic and foreign exhibitions and conferences, appointing and dispatching advisors necessary for the development of nonoil exports, as well as attraction of investment and technology.
9. Planning, steering and supporting development and attraction of domestic and foreign investment for the development and transfer of technology in industry, mine and trade sector, as well as investing in the development of industries based on advanced and venture technologies in necessary cases in underdeveloped regions.
10. Planning and providing necessary conditions for maintaining, safeguarding, and increasing production capacities of industrial and mining units, in addition to their reconstruction, renovation and expansion of their activities.
11. Policymaking and planning to facilitate the development of complexes, business, industrial and mining parks, as well as supporting the development of industrial and mining units, and empowerment of small and medium enterprises (SME).
12. Organizing, supporting and supervising establishment and development of activities of business, industrial, and mining associations and organs, networks, clusters, nongovernmental organizations related to industry, mine and trade sectors, and issuing permits for their activities.
13. Planning for the improvement of business environment and increasing output, productivity, competitiveness, and development of entrepreneurship in industry, mine and trade sectors.
14. Supporting development and promotion of brands and trademarks, commercialization of intellectual and intangible property, including inventions, discoveries, and innovations.
15. Planning, steering, support and management of export-oriented production with high added value in advanced technologies, as well as steering and supporting import management based on export-oriented production.
16. Policymaking and planning for the improvement of production, procurement and distribution system; supervision over goods and services distribution networks; developing competition and preventing market monopoly.
17. Organizing goods and services procurement and distribution chains, and market control management.
18. Supervising and supporting the rights of producers and consumers.
19. Determining policies and rules related to pricing of goods, services and after-sales services, and supervising their implementation.
20. Policymaking and planning in the field of domestic electronic trade as well as developing and supporting applications of information and communications technology in industry, mine and trade sectors.
21. Organizing, establishing and applying an integrated statistics and information system, and broad-based information network, as well as compilation, analysis and presentation of statistics and specialized reports on industry, mine and trade sectors.
22. Supporting development of education and research, research and development (R&D), promotion, publication of findings and results of studies, and steering and benefiting from the capabilities of educational, research and technology centers for the development of industry, mine and trade sectors.
23. Cooperation and partnership with various organs in the field of policymaking and planning to train and supply specialized manpower for industry, mine and trade sectors in universities and other higher education and planning centers, as well as education, management development, and empowerment of employees in aforesaid sectors.
24. Policymaking, planning, supervision, safeguarding and supporting development of the infrastructure; as well as prospecting, extraction and exploitation of mines and mine processing by benefiting from advanced sciences, techniques and technologies.
25. Policymaking, planning and conducting geological studies, identifying geological risks, drawing related maps, providing basic identification information, general discovery of mine resources and deposits, preparing technical and economic reports, establishment and expansion of databases and broad-based dissemination of geological information for benefitting from the country’s terrain advantages and mining capacities.